Insights into regulations of the aviation industry for undertaking pilot training

 Insights into regulations of the aviation industry for undertaking pilot training

Aspiring pilots can undertake the vocational training course of pilot training which is a two-year course combining both theoretical knowledge as well as practical experience of running an aircraft. A person begins their professional expertise by flying a private aircraft. A pilot who flies a private aircraft must have come across the term for part 135, a fundamental concept for pilots. Individuals in pilot training willing to apply for certification of this part 135 must have experience in exclusive usage of at least one aircraft.

Origin of far part 135

Far part 135 is one of the regulations laid down by the Federal Aviation Regulations, abbreviated as FAR. This regulatory body responsibly carries out most of the activities associated with aviation, ranging from commercial or personal aviation to flying drones and hot-air ballooning. The FARs are responsible for promoting safe aviation, which can be provided to everyone.

What is far part 135?

FAR in far part 135, mentions and establishes the rules for aviation operators. These can also be stated as “Operating Requirements: Commuter and On-Demand Operations and Rules Governing Persons on Board Such Aircraft.” This regulation applies only to aircraft with 30 seats or less than that. It also can be expressed as the maximum load capacity it can carry, designated as 7500 pounds. Hence, it can apply to most private aircraft.

This regulation applies to powered aircraft with turbojet engines in a non-transport category with about 1-30 seats. For transport category turbo-propellers, the number of seats can be 10-19. For the transport category, it can be about 20-30 seats. 

Strictness of the regulation

The regulation, far part 135, is restrictive. However, some single aircraft owners consider adding one aircraft with another person’s certificate of far part 135. In such situations, knowing operational control is extremely important. The certificate holder should be able to document and show active control over the aircraft and the crew.

Main elements of far part 135

There are several elements of these regulations that every aspiring pilot must know before embarking on this certification:

  • Condition of the aircraft: The shape of the airplane should be airworthy, which also includes meeting the criteria of equipment and identification.
  • VFR and IFR: This is a significant differentiation within this regulation. It must be understood whether the pilot is using “visual flight rules” or “instrument flight rules.” The specificity of far part 135 often depends on which method is used.
  • Safety Procedures: This regulation enables the detailing of information about passengers, such as the procedures for smoking and serving alcoholic beverages. This is done for the safety of passengers.

Other elements such as recordkeeping, staffing, and training are also considered for “far part 135”.


The study on far part 135 can be expected to deliver insight into the proper development of practical and theoretical knowledge of effective programs of FDM for the operators of far 135. By considering the elements of this regulation, operators can cater to the needs of airports that vary according to the types of operations.